Top 10 child health concerns: Exercise, obesity & smoking lead list

August 20, 2012 Volume 16 Issue 3
  • Adults rate ‘not enough exercise’ at the top of the list of big health problems for children in their communities.
  • Other top health concerns include childhood obesity, smoking, drug abuse and bullying.
  • Top child health concerns differ for black and Hispanic adults compared with white adults.

In this year’s sixth annual survey of top health concerns conducted by the C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health, adults rate ‘not enough exercise’ as the leading health concern for children in their communities. Childhood obesity and smoking and tobacco use were the second and third most commonly identified child health problems by adults across the United States.

As in past years, many of the top 10 health concerns relate to health behaviors for children and teens: exercise, childhood obesity, smoking and tobacco use, drug and alcohol abuse, teen pregnancy and bullying. Top health concerns this year also include stress, internet safety and child abuse and neglect.

‘Not enough exercise’ is new to the top of the list of biggest child health problems, as measured in the Poll. From 2007 to 2011, childhood obesity, drug abuse and smoking have consistently been rated as the top 3 health problems for kids from the perspective of adults (not just parents) across the United States.

This year, other child health concerns rated as a “big problem” include: sexting (19%), driving accidents (18%), sexually transmitted infections (17%), school violence (16%), unsafe neighborhoods (16%), attention deficit disorder (15%), chemicals in the environment (15%), depression (14%), suicide (13%), racial inequality (13%), autism (13%), gun related injuries (11%), hunger (9%) and food allergies (6%).

Similar to past editions of the top 10 list in the National Poll on Children’s Health, adults from different race/ethnicity backgrounds expressed different views about the top child health concerns in their communities, as shown in Figure 2.

Hispanic adults differed from blacks and whites in their comparatively high level of concern about childhood obesity, drug abuse, bullying, stress and teen pregnancy.

Black adults differed from Hispanics and whites in their comparatively high level of concern about smoking and tobacco use, racial inequality, gun-related injuries and unsafe neighborhoods.

Black and Hispanic adults both identified sexually transmitted infections as a greater concern for kids in their communities than did white adults.

Despite these differences, Hispanic, black and white adults agreed that ‘not enough exercise’ and obesity are two of the top three most pressing health concerns for kids in their communities. Other concerns that made the top 10 in all three groups included drug abuse, smoking and tobacco use, bullying, and teen pregnancy.

Implications

Every summer, the National Poll on Children’s Health reports the views of the American public about child health issues across the country, as a way to help set program priorities in medicine and public health and help officials see whether messages about specific health risks for children are reaching the public.

Results of this latest Poll indicate that adults now see lack of exercise for U.S. children as the health problem of greatest concern. While lack of exercise is certainly linked to the second most commonly identified concern—childhood obesity—exercise is a notable new top concern in the Poll’s annual top 10 list for two reasons. First, the strong perception that lack of exercise is a threat to children’s health may reflect effective recent public health messages from programs such as First Lady Michelle Obama’s “Let’s Move” campaign. Second, exercise has other benefits besides prevention of obesity—such as better attention and learning in school and improved sense of well-being.

The strong connection of many of the top 10 child health concerns to health behaviors among children and adolescents underscores the importance of public programs and communication initiatives—for example, those designed to prevent drug abuse, tobacco use, alcohol abuse and teen pregnancy. Given the high level of public concern about these health problems for youth, it is likely such programs will receive public support but also high public expectations for progress in prevention.

Findings from this Poll also reflect varied perspectives about child health concerns by race/ethnicity. For example, while Hispanic adults were more likely than black or white adults to express concerns about bullying and stress, black adults expressed greater concerns about racial inequality, gun-related injuries and unsafe neighborhoods, and white adults were comparatively more concerned about child abuse and neglect in their neighborhoods. Such differences of perspective offer key insights into ways that child health varies across communities, and emphasize a need for local programs that respect and address community-specific health priorities for youth.

Data Source

This report presents findings from a nationally representative household survey conducted exclusively by GfK Custom Research, LLC (GfK), for C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital via a method used in many published studies.  The survey was administered in May 2012 to a randomly selected, stratified group of adults age 18 and older (n=2,144) from the GfK’s web-enabled KnowledgePanel® that closely resembles the U.S. population. The sample was subsequently weighted to reflect population figures from the Census Bureau. The survey completion rate was 62% among panel members contacted to participate. The margin of error is ± 2 to 4 percentage points and higher among subgroups.

C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health
Director: Matthew M. Davis, MD, MAPP
Associate Director: Sarah J. Clark, MPH
Manager & Editor: Dianne C. Singer, MPH
Data Analyst: Amy T. Butchart, MPH
Web Editor: Anna Daly Kauffman, BA

Findings from the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health do not represent the opinions of the investigators or the opinions of the University of Michigan. The University of Michigan reserves all rights over this material.

[ALL RESPONDENTS]

Think about children and teens in your own community.

Q1. Please rate how big of a problem you feel the following health issues are for children and teens in your own community.

Select one response in each row.

  Big problem Somewhat of a problem Not a problem
Alcohol abuse      
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD/ADD      
Autism      
Bullying      
Chemicals in the environment      
Child abuse and neglect      
Childhood obesity      
Depression      
Driving accidents      
Drug abuse      
Gun related injuries      
Food allergies      
Hunger      
Internet safety      
Not enough exercise      
Racial inequality      
School violence      
Sexting      
Sexually transmitted infections (including HIV/AIDS)      
Smoking and tobacco use      
Suicide      
Stress      
Teen pregnancy      
Unsafe neighborhoods      

Participants were also asked demographic questions on gender, race/ethnicity, annual household income, education and insurance status.

All information is the sole property of the University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health.  It can only be used if there is an acknowledgment that "The information came from, is copyright by and is owned by and belongs to the Regents of the University of Michigan and their C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health. It cannot be republished or used in any format without prior written permission from the University."

C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health
Director: Matthew M. Davis, MD, MAPP
Associate Director: Sarah J. Clark, MPH
Manager & Editor: Dianne C. Singer, MPH
Data Analyst: Amy T. Butchart, MPH
Web Editor: Anna Daly Kauffman, BA

 

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Figure 1. Top 10 U.S. Children's Health Concerns Rated as a "Big Problem" in 2012
Figure 2. Top U.S. Child Health Concerns Rated as a "Big Problem" by Race/Ethnicity
Top 10 U.S. Children's Health Concerns, Percent Rated by Hispanics as a "Big Problem" in 2012
Top 10 U.S. Children's Health Concerns, Percent Rated by Blacks as a "Big Problem" in 2012
Top 10 U.S. Children's Health Concerns, Percent Rated by Whites as a "Big Problem" in 2012
Dibujo 1. Diez Mayores Preocupaciones sobre la Salud del Nino en U.S.
Dibujo 2. Diez Mayores Preocupaciones sobre la Salud del Nino en U.S., Clasificadas como un "Gran Problema" por Hispanos.

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